Biostratigraphy, geochronology and sedimentation rates of the late Miocene Pisco Formation at two important marine vertebrate fossil bearing sites of southern Peru

Gariboldi, Karen; Bosio, Giulia; Malinverno, Elisa; Gioncada, Anna; Di Celma, Claudio; Villa, Igor Maria; Urbina, M.; Bianucci, Giovanni (2017). Biostratigraphy, geochronology and sedimentation rates of the late Miocene Pisco Formation at two important marine vertebrate fossil bearing sites of southern Peru. Newsletters on stratigraphy, 50(4), pp. 417-444. Schweizerbart science publishers 10.1127/nos/2017/0345

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The Mio – Pliocene Pisco Formation, Peru, is a world renowned Konservat-Lagerstätte. Beside its potential in preserving important information on the history of the Pacific Ocean during the Miocene, the Pisco Fm. provides palaeontologists with the unique opportunity to study in detail the evolution of marine vertebrate fauna during the Neogene. Because diatomites are one of the main lithologies of the Pisco Fm., previous authors have hypothesised exceptionally high sedimentation rates related to the deposition of diatom frustules as the main cause leading to the formation of the Lagerstätte. However, sedimentation rates were never calculated. With the perspective to build a solid stratigraphic framework for the whole Pisco Fm., we started to investigate two important fossiliferous sites: Cerro Colorado and Cerro Los Quesos. Within these two areas, measurement of multiple stratigraphic sections combined with extensive field mapping of a number of distinct marker beds was carried out, which allowed a high-resolution correlation and creation of a local lithostratigraphic framework. Integrated tephrostratigraphy,40Ar/39 Ar dating and diatom biostratigraphy permitted an accurate chronostratigraphy to be established. Both biostratigraphic and radiometric ages converge to indicate a late Miocene age for the two sites, amending previous attribution of Cerro Colorado and Cerro Los Quesos to the middle Miocene. Age models for the site of Cerro Los Quesos reveal that sedimentation rates are high but in line with those of high-productivity environments, thus invalidating the hypothesis of exceptional sedimentation rates as the main cause for the formation of the Lagerstätte. These results are extremely important also in the perspective of building a complete stratigraphic framework for the Pisco Fm.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Isotope Geology
08 Faculty of Science > Other Institutions > Emeriti, Faculty of Science

UniBE Contributor:

Villa, Igor Maria

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
500 Science > 560 Fossils & prehistoric life

ISSN:

0078-0421

Publisher:

Schweizerbart science publishers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Igor Maria Villa-Toscani

Date Deposited:

19 Sep 2019 11:01

Last Modified:

04 Mar 2020 13:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1127/nos/2017/0345

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.116188

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/116188

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