Orexin-driven GAD65 network of the lateral hypothalamus sets physical activity in mice.

Kosse, Christin; Schöne, Cornelia; Bracey, Edward; Burdakov, Denis (2017). Orexin-driven GAD65 network of the lateral hypothalamus sets physical activity in mice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - PNAS, 114(17), pp. 4525-4530. National Academy of Sciences NAS 10.1073/pnas.1619700114

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Damage to the lateral hypothalamus (LH) causes profound physical inactivity in mammals. Several molecularly distinct types of LH neurons have been identified, including orexin cells and glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) cells, but their interplay in orchestrating physical activity is not fully understood. Here, using optogenetic circuit analysis and cell type-specific deep-brain recordings in behaving mice, we show that orexin cell activation rapidly recruits GAD65 neurons. We demonstrate that internally initiated GAD65 cell bursts precede and accompany spontaneous running bouts, that selective chemogenetic silencing of natural GAD65 cell activity depresses voluntary locomotion, and that GAD65 cell overactivation leads to hyperlocomotion. These results thus identify a molecularly distinct, orexin-activated LH submodule that governs physical activity in mice.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Schöne, Cornelia

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0027-8424

Publisher:

National Academy of Sciences NAS

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

12 Jul 2018 08:47

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2019 17:35

Publisher DOI:

10.1073/pnas.1619700114

PubMed ID:

28396414

Uncontrolled Keywords:

GAD65 hypocretin hypothalamus locomotion orexin stress

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.116246

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/116246

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