Influence of Peripheral Perception on Motor Control

Vater, Christian (4 May 2018). Influence of Peripheral Perception on Motor Control (Unpublished). In: Invited talk at Max-Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics. Tübingen, Germany.

In sports, it is important not only to locate gaze on the right location to utilize the high acuity of foveal vision, but also to attend to other objects in the environment without looking directly at them, accordingly, using peripheral vision. Peripheral vision becomes especially important if, for example, the processing of information from more than one location (e.g. players) is decisive in making accurate decisions. Since such decisions generally must be made under high spatio-temporal demands, costly eye-movements might be advantageously avoided by using peripheral vision for information pick-up from multiple cues. In a series of studies, we aimed to translate the demands found in sports and to investigate the functionality of peripheral vision in a well-controlled experimental paradigm, the multiple object tracking (MOT) task. MOT was implemented in a dual task, along with an additional event-detection task. In this talk, I will first present an overview of sport-specific studies focusing on the functionality of peripheral vision and, in the following, summarize our MOT studies. These studies show that peripheral vision is used for simultaneous target monitoring and target-change detection and that visual and attentional demands affect gaze anchoring and change-detection rates. Results also reveal a dysfunctionality of saccades, and further suggest an event- and distance-optimized gaze-anchoring position. In the part of this talk, I will derive specific applications for future sports-specific research including VR.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Vater, Christian

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christian Vater

Date Deposited:

22 May 2018 10:32

Last Modified:

24 May 2018 08:42

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/116624

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