An fMRI pilot study to evaluate brain activation associated with locomotion adaptation

Marchal Crespo, Laura; Hollnagel, C.; Brugger, M.; Kollias, S.; Riener, Robert (12 August 2011). An fMRI pilot study to evaluate brain activation associated with locomotion adaptation. IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR), pp. 1-7. IEEE 10.1109/ICORR.2011.5975371

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The goal of robotic therapy is to provoke motor plasticity via the application of robotic training strategies. Although robotic haptic guidance is the commonly used motor-training strategy to reduce performance errors while training, research on motor learning has emphasized that errors are a fundamental neural signal that drives motor adaptation. Thus, researchers have proposed robotic therapy algorithms that amplify movement errors rather than decrease them. Studying the particular brain regions involved in learning under different training strategies might help tailoring motor training conditions to the anatomical location of a focal brain insult. In this paper, we evaluate the brain regions involved in locomotion adaptation when training with three different conditions: without robotic guidance, with a random-varying force disturbance, and with repulsive forces proportional to errors. We performed an fMRI pilot study with four healthy subjects who stepped in an fMRI compatible walking robotic device. Subjects were instructed to actively synchronize their left leg with respect to their right leg (passively guided by the robot) while their left leg was affected by any of the three conditions. We observed activation in areas known to be involved in error processing. Although we found that all conditions required the similar cortical network to fulfill the task, we observed a tendency towards more activity in the motor/sensory network as more “challenged” the subjects were.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Motor Learning and Neurorehabilitation
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Gerontechnology and Rehabilitation

UniBE Contributor:

Marchal Crespo, Laura and Riener, Robert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 620 Engineering

ISSN:

1945-7901

ISBN:

978-1-4244-9863-5

Publisher:

IEEE

Language:

English

Submitter:

Angela Amira Botros

Date Deposited:

19 Jun 2018 13:57

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 04:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1109/ICORR.2011.5975371

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.117037

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/117037

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