Gender Effects in Inhibition in Patients with Alcohol Use Disorder: Preliminary Results

Tschümperlin, Raphaela M.; Batschelet, Hallie M.; Moggi, Franz; Rösner, Susanne; Keller, Anita; Wopfner, Alexander; König, Thomas; Soravia, Leila M.; Stein, Maria (25 May 2018). Gender Effects in Inhibition in Patients with Alcohol Use Disorder: Preliminary Results (Unpublished). In: 13th Annual Meeting Clinical Neuroscience Bern - "Big Data and Big Models in Clinical Neuroscience". Bern. 25.05.2018.

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Background • Current neuroscientific theories postulate deficits in inhibition as a significant factor in the development and maintenance of alcohol use disorders (AUD). • Preclinical behavioral studies indicate that deficits in contextunspecific inhibition are more pronounced in women than in men. • Neurophysiological findings show alterations in the N2- and P3-components (EEG) in AUD patients. • Only one preclinical EEG-study investigated gender effects. No neurophysiological effects were observed. • Studies investigating gender effects in (alcohol-specific) inhibition in clinical samples are missing. Methods A total of 31 abstinent inpatients with AUD, attending a specialized treatment program (Clinic Südhang or Forel Clinic) were measured with a 64-channel EEG. All subjects completed a Go-NoGo Task (with 75/25 ratio) to assess inhibition in alcohol-related (alcoholic beverages) and neutral context (mineral water). After preprocessing (i.e. artefact removal), all data was re-referenced to average reference and four ERPs were obtained for each subject over all correct trials using BrainVision Analyzer: Alcohol-related (alcNoGo) and neutral NoGo (neuNoGo) as well as alcohol-related (alcGo) and neutral Go (neuGo). Finally, the ERPs were filtered (1-20Hz, 50Hz notch). All further analyses were performed with Ragu. After identifying data outliers (n=1), the time windows for N2- and P3 components were defined using microstates. They were defined according to the minimal onset and maximal offset times of the identified microstates in the four ERPs: N2a (150-220ms), N2b (220-330ms) and P3 (330-550ms). Furthermore, differences in map topography and map strength were examined in these microstates: First, a 2x2x2 TANOVA (not normalized) with the between-factor gender (male, female) and the within-factors response-type (Go, NoGo) and stimulus-type (alcohol, neutral) was performed for the time windows of the N2- and P3 microstates to test for interactions. Second, GFP analyses were performed for the same interactions. Descriptives Men and women did not differ regarding age, education (years) and severity of AUD (number of DSM-5 criteria / standard drinks (SD) in the last 90 days before detoxification). Results The TANOVA the with the factors gender, response- and stimulus-type in the time windows (N2a, N2b, P3) showed the following results: 1) For N2a and N2b, no significant interactions were found. 2) A significant gender by stimulus-type interaction occurred in the P3 microstate (p=0.01): Women showed an extended fronto-parietal positivity compared to men, which seems to be more extended towards the back during processing of neutral compared to alcohol-related stimuli. Corresponding to this, differences (alcohol vs. neutral stimuli ) for men did not vary significantly (p=0.44), whereas the maps for women showed a significant difference (p=0.02). GFP analyses with the same factors in the same microstates showed: 1) In N2a and P3 no significant interactions. 2) For the N2b microstate, a trend to a significant threefold interaction was found (p=0.06): Women had higher GFP in neutral NoGos than men. Discussion This study examines neurophysiological gender effects of (context-specific) inhibition in AUD patients for the first time. Preliminary GFP-analyses revealed a trend for the threefold interaction with the factors gender, response- and stimulus-type in late N2. This indicates that female patients have a higher N2b in NoGos, a difference that is even more enhanced in neutral NoGos. As the N2 component reflects the monitoring of a response conflict, females thus tend to have a greater conflict in neutral inhibition. Thus, inhibition (of neutral stimuli) could be more difficult for women than for men as it was shown in behavioral studies. During P3 microstate, women differed between alcohol-related and neutral stimuli whereas men did not. Further, analyses are needed to elaborate the underlying processes in inhibition. Especially the comparison of the (full) patient sample to healthy controls, the inclusion of other inhibition-tasks (SST) and the analyses of errors of commissions (EOC) will help to understand the gender-specific effects in patients with AUD.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tschümperlin, Raphaela Martina; Batschelet, Hallie Margareta; Moggi, Franz; Wopfner, Alexander; König, Thomas; Soravia, Leila and Stein, Maria

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Raphaela Martina Tschümperlin

Date Deposited:

13 Jun 2018 09:10

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2019 09:31

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.117056

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/117056

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