Optogenetic interrogation of dopaminergic modulation of the multiple phases of reward-seeking behavior.

Adamantidis, Antoine Roger; Tsai, Hsing-Chen; Boutrel, Benjamin; Zhang, Feng; Stuber, Garret D; Budygin, Evgeny A; Touriño, Clara; Bonci, Antonello; Deisseroth, Karl; de Lecea, Luis (2011). Optogenetic interrogation of dopaminergic modulation of the multiple phases of reward-seeking behavior. Journal of neuroscience, 31(30), pp. 10829-10835. Society for Neuroscience 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2246-11.2011

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Phasic activation of dopaminergic neurons is associated with reward-predicting cues and supports learning during behavioral adaptation. While noncontingent activation of dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental are (VTA) is sufficient for passive behavioral conditioning, it remains unknown whether the phasic dopaminergic signal is truly reinforcing. In this study, we first targeted the expression of channelrhodopsin-2 to dopaminergic neurons of the VTA and optimized optogenetically evoked dopamine transients. Second, we showed that phasic activation of dopaminergic neurons in freely moving mice causally enhances positive reinforcing actions in a food-seeking operant task. Interestingly, such effect was not found in the absence of food reward. We further found that phasic activation of dopaminergic neurons is sufficient to reactivate previously extinguished food-seeking behavior in the absence of external cues. This was also confirmed using a single-session reversal paradigm. Collectively, these data suggest that activation of dopaminergic neurons facilitates the development of positive reinforcement during reward-seeking and behavioral flexibility.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Adamantidis, Antoine Roger

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0270-6474

Publisher:

Society for Neuroscience

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

28 Jun 2018 15:17

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 23:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2246-11.2011

PubMed ID:

21795535

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.117259

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/117259

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