Activation of central orexin/hypocretin neurons by dietary amino acids.

Karnani, Mahesh M; Apergis-Schoute, John; Adamantidis, Antoine Roger; Jensen, Lise T; de Lecea, Luis; Fugger, Lars; Burdakov, Denis (2011). Activation of central orexin/hypocretin neurons by dietary amino acids. Neuron, 72(4), pp. 616-629. Cell Press 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.08.027

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Hypothalamic orexin/hypocretin (orx/hcrt) neurons regulate energy balance, wakefulness, and reward; their loss produces narcolepsy and weight gain. Glucose can lower the activity of orx/hcrt cells, but whether other dietary macronutrients have similar effects is unclear. We show that orx/hcrt cells are stimulated by nutritionally relevant mixtures of amino acids (AAs), both in brain slice patch-clamp experiments, and in c-Fos expression assays following central or peripheral administration of AAs to mice in vivo. Physiological mixtures of AAs electrically excited orx/hcrt cells through a dual mechanism involving inhibition of K(ATP) channels and activation of system-A amino acid transporters. Nonessential AAs were more potent in activating orx/hcrt cells than essential AAs. Moreover, the presence of physiological concentrations of AAs suppressed the glucose responses of orx/hcrt cells. These results suggest a new mechanism of hypothalamic integration of macronutrient signals and imply that orx/hcrt cells sense macronutrient balance, rather than net energy value, in extracellular fluid.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Adamantidis, Antoine Roger

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0896-6273

Publisher:

Cell Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

28 Jun 2018 15:02

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 11:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.neuron.2011.08.027

PubMed ID:

22099463

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.117276

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/117276

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