Hematopoietic supportive functions of mouse bone marrow and fetal liver micro-environment: dissection of granulocyte, B-lymphocyte, and hematopoietic progenitor support at the stroma cell clone level

Friedrich, Christoph; Zausch, Elke; Sugrue, Stephen P.; Gutierrez-Ramos, Jose-Carlos (1996). Hematopoietic supportive functions of mouse bone marrow and fetal liver micro-environment: dissection of granulocyte, B-lymphocyte, and hematopoietic progenitor support at the stroma cell clone level. Blood, 87(11), pp. 4596-4606. American Society of Hematology

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We dissected the functions of the microenvironment of bone marrow (BM) and fetal liver IFL) at the cellular level by cloning individual stromal cells and characterizing their phenotypical and functional features. Stromal cell clones derived from FL are large in size (mean forward light scatter intensity tmFSC1 of 450). express the surface antigen Thy-1 but not Sca-1 and 6 out of 6 are able to differentiate into fat accumulating adipocytes. BM derived stromal cell clones are either small (mFSC of 250) or large (mFSC of 450). express Sca1 but not Thy-1 and only 2 out of 7 differentiate towards adipocytes. Heterogeneity in terms of vascular adhesion molecule-1, intracellular adhesion molecule-I and heat stable antigen expression was found among the different cell clones. Functional assays using long- and short-term cocultures of stromal and hematopoietic cells revealed: (1) the capacity of 8 out of 12 stromal cell clones to support the expansion of primitive hematopoietic progenitors (colony forming unit spleen day 12) more than 10 weeks. Fat accumulation but not expression of stem cell factor by stromal cells did correlate with this supportive function. (2) Better support of granulocyte maturation and proliferation by BMcompared to FL-derived stromal cell clones. However, stromal cell clones from both organs expressed macrophage-colony stimulating factor. (3) The ability of 4 out of 12 stromal cell clones (derived from both, FL and BM) to support the expansion of interleukin-7 dependent pre-B cells from the BM. PreB cell growth stimulating factor was not restricted to supporters. (4) Mutual exclusiveness of myeloid and lymphoid support in that a given stromal cell clone supported either pre B-cell or granulocyte expansion. Experiments comparing the support of BM- and FL-derived hematopoietic progenitors showed identical responses of late (B220+/c-kit-I but strikingly different responses of early (B220'lc-kit') pre-B cells, revealing different proliferation requirements for FL- versus BM- derived early pre-B cells in vitro.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

UniBE Contributor:

Kellner, Elke

ISSN:

0006-4971

Publisher:

American Society of Hematology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Elke Kellner

Date Deposited:

12 Jul 2018 13:20

Last Modified:

05 Nov 2019 14:49

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.118292

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118292

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