Determining reference conditions of hemiboreal lakes in Latvia, NE Europe: a palaeolimnological approach

Stivrins, Normunds; Grudzinska, Ieva; Elmi, Kati; Heinsalu, Atko; Veski, Siim (2018). Determining reference conditions of hemiboreal lakes in Latvia, NE Europe: a palaeolimnological approach. Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology, 54(22), p. 22. EDP Sciences 10.1051/limn/2018014

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The current status of a lake can be evaluated via monitoring, but such data can only provide information about the last few decades to a century at best. In most cases, the natural state of a lake cannot be ascertained. This is even more challenging if the apparent anthropogenic effects on the environment over the last millennia are considered. We used data on fossil algae from five evenly distributed hemiboreal lakes in geographically different regions in Latvia, NE Europe to assess the amount of compositional change or turnover (i.e., the beta-diversity) in the algae datasets for the last 2000 years by using a Detrended Canonical Correspondence Analysis. Our results show that the algae turnover increases towards the present day with distinct shifts during times characterised by extensive and intensive agriculture establishment, and political and economic changes. Because the anthropogenic impact on the landscape and lakes before AD 1200 was relatively minor, we propose that algae composition at that time can be assumed to represent the natural reference conditions for most Latvian lakes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Grudzinska, Ieva

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0003-4088

Publisher:

EDP Sciences

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

06 Jul 2018 08:32

Last Modified:

08 Jul 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1051/limn/2018014

Uncontrolled Keywords:

algae; anthropogenic impact; turnover rates

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118319

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