Evaluation of strategies for the treatment of type B and C pelvic fractures.

Schmal, H; Froberg, L; S Larsen, M; Südkamp, N P; Pohlemann, T; Aghayev, E; Goodwin Burri, K (2018). Evaluation of strategies for the treatment of type B and C pelvic fractures. The Bone & Joint Journal, 100-B(7), pp. 973-983. British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery 10.1302/0301-620X.100B7.BJJ-2017-1377.R1

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The best method of treating unstable pelvic fractures that involve the obturator ring is still a matter for debate. This study compared three methods of treatment: nonoperative, isolated posterior fixation and combined anteroposterior stabilization.

Patients and Methods

The study used data from the German Pelvic Trauma Registry and compared patients undergoing conservative management (n = 2394), surgical treatment (n = 1345) and transpubic surgery, including posterior stabilization (n = 730) with isolated posterior osteosynthesis (n = 405) in non-complex Type B and C fractures that only involved the obturator ring anteriorly. Calculated odds ratios were adjusted for potential confounders. Outcome criteria were intraoperative and general short-term complications, the incidence of nerve injuries, and mortality.


Operative stabilization reduced mortality by 36% (odds ratio (OR) 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.42 to 0.98) but the incidence of complications was twice as high (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.57 to 2.64). Mortality and the incidence of neurological deficits at discharge were no different after isolated posterior or combined anteroposterior fixation. However, the odds of both surgical (98%, OR 1.98, 95%CI 1.22 to 3.22) and general complications (43%, OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.00) were higher in the group with the more extensive surgery.


Operative stabilization is recommended for non-complex unstable pelvic fractures. The need for anterior fixation of obturator ring fractures should, however, be considered critically. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2018;100-B:973-83.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Goodwin, Kelly Jayne


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery




Tanya Karrer

Date Deposited:

05 Jul 2018 13:56

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:16

Publisher DOI:


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PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Anterior pelvic ring Fixation Logistic regression Models Osteosynthesis Pelvic fracture Registry Treatment Unstable





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