Gastrointestinal sequelae after surgery for necrotising enterocolitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hau Grosch, Eva-Maria; Meyer, Sarah C; Berger, Steffen; Goutaki, Myrofora; Kordasz, Marcin; Kessler, Ulf (2019). Gastrointestinal sequelae after surgery for necrotising enterocolitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of disease in childhood - fetal and neonatal edition, 104(3), F265-F273. BMJ Publishing Group 10.1136/archdischild-2017-314435

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OBJECTIVES To document what types of gastrointestinal sequelae were described after surgery for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and to analyse their frequency. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane library (CENTRAL) from 1990 to October 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES We included studies, which provided original data on the occurrence of gastrointestinal sequelae in patients surviving surgery for NEC. Meta-analysis and metaregression to assess heterogeneity were performed for studies including 10 or more patients with gastrointestinal strictures, recurrence of NEC, intestinal failure (IF) and adhesion ileus. RESULTS Altogether 58 studies, including 4260 patients, met the inclusion criteria. Strictures were reported to occur in 24% (95% CI 17% to 31%) of surviving patients, recurrence of NEC in 8% (95% CI 3% to 15%), IF in 13% (95% CI 7% to 19%) and adhesion ileus in 6% (95% CI 4% to 9%). Strictures were more common following enterostomy (30%; 95% CI 23% to 37%) than after primary anastomosis (8%; 95% CI 0% to 23%) and occurred more often after enterostomy without bowel resection than with bowel resection. We found considerable heterogeneity in the weighted average frequency of all sequelae (I range: 38%-90%). Intestinal outcomes were poorly defined, there were important differences in study populations and designs, and the reported findings bear a substantial risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS Gastrointestinal sequelae in neonates surviving surgery for NEC are frequent. Long-term follow-up assessing defined gastrointestinal outcomes is warranted.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Hau Grosch, Eva-Maria; Berger, Steffen Michael; Goutaki, Myrofora; Kordasz, Marcin and Kessler, Ulf

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1359-2998

Publisher:

BMJ Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tanya Karrer

Date Deposited:

05 Jul 2018 14:43

Last Modified:

02 May 2019 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1136/archdischild-2017-314435

PubMed ID:

29945925

Uncontrolled Keywords:

NEC necrotising enterocolitis outcome sequelae

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.118331

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118331

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