Vertical Right Axillary Mini-Thoracotomy for Correction of Ventricular Septal Defects and Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defects.

Heinisch, Paul Philipp; Wildbolz, Marc; Beck, Maria Julia; Bartkevics, Maris; Gahl, Brigitta; Eberle, Balthasar; Erdös, Gabor; Jenni, Hans-Joerg; Schönhoff, Florian; Pfammatter, Jean-Pierre; Carrel, Thierry; Kadner, Alexander (2018). Vertical Right Axillary Mini-Thoracotomy for Correction of Ventricular Septal Defects and Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defects. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 106(4), pp. 1220-1227. Elsevier 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.05.003

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Vertical-right-axillary-mini-thoracotomy (VRAMT) is the standard approach for correction of atrial septal defect (ASD) and partial atrioventricular septal defects (PAVSD) at our institution. This observational single-centre study compares our initial results with the VRAMT approach for the repair of ventricular septal defects (VSD) and complete atrioventricular septal defects (CAVSD) in infants and children to an approach using standard median sternotomy (MS).


Perioperative course of patients undergoing VSD and CAVSD correction through either a VRAMT or a MS were analysed retrospectively. The surgical technique for the VRAMT involved a 4-5 cm vertical incision in the right axillary fold.


Of 84 patients, 25 patients (VSD, n=15; CAVSD, n=10) underwent correction through a VRAMT approach, whereas 59 patients (VSD, n=35; CAVSD, n=24) had repair through MS. VSD and CAVSD-groups were comparable with respect to age and weight. No significant differences were observed for aortic cross-clamp duration, intensive care unit stay, hospital stay and echocardiographic follow-up. There was no need for any conversion from VRAMT to MS in any case. No wound infection nor thoracic deformities were observed in both groups.


VRAMT can be considered as a safe and effective approach for the repair of VSD and CAVSD in selected patient groups, and the outcome data appears comparable to those of median sternotomy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Heart Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy

UniBE Contributor:

Heinisch, Paul Philipp, Bartkevics, Maris, Gahl, Brigitta, Eberle, Balthasar, Erdoes, Gabor (A), Jenni, Hansjoerg, Schönhoff, Florian, Carrel, Thierry, Kadner, Alexander


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

16 Jul 2018 15:47

Last Modified:

27 Feb 2024 14:28

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PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Vertical right axillary mini-thoracotomy complete atrioventricular septal defects ventricular septal defect




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