Specific cellular and humoral immune responses induced by different antigen preparations of Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes in patients with alveolar echinococcosis.

Nicod, L; Bresson-Hadni, S; Vuitton, D A; Emery, I; Gottstein, Bruno; Auer, H; Lenys, D (1994). Specific cellular and humoral immune responses induced by different antigen preparations of Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes in patients with alveolar echinococcosis. Parasite : journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie, 1(3), pp. 261-270. PDG Communication 10.1051/parasite/1994013261

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A specific proliferation of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated by antigens of Echinococcus sp. has been shown in patients with cystic as well as alveolar echinococcosis. However, the development of a major granulomatous reaction around the parasitic larvae is a characteristic feature of the local immune response to E. multilocularis while humoral immune responses seem to predominate in E. granulosus infection. The aim of this study was to analyse the specific proliferation of the PBMC from 36 patients with alveolar echinococcosis, and 23 controls, induced by a crude preparation of E. multilocularis (EmcAg) as well as by two E. multilocularis specific antigen preparations, the Em2 antigen and the protoscolex (ESAg) antigen. The significant correlation observed between the proliferation index either by Em2 and ES or by Emc suggests that both antigens account for an important part of the lymphocyte proliferative response. The strong effect of these species specific antigens on lymphocyte proliferation is confirmed by the comparison of the results obtained in this study to those obtained in a previous study of specific cellular immunity to E. granulosus antigens in patients with cystic echinococcosis. The proliferation indices were significantly elevated in all those 7 patients with a proven AE who were sero-negative using the Emc ELISA as well as in the 12 patients also seronegative, but using the Em2 ELISA. In 5 seronegative patients who had had a complete resection of the parasitic lesions two years before the lymphocyte proliferation evaluation, the PI was above the threshold value for two dilutions of EmcAg. PI under the threshold values were obtained only in patients with residual lesions. These results suggest that E. multilocularis specific antigens promote the proliferation of lymphocytes which could be TH1 cells, responsible for the intense periparasitic granulomatous reaction characteristic of alveolar echinococcosis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1252-607X

Publisher:

PDG Communication

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bruno Gottstein

Date Deposited:

18 Jul 2018 15:50

Last Modified:

18 Jul 2018 16:25

Publisher DOI:

10.1051/parasite/1994013261

PubMed ID:

9140493

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.118684

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118684

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