Cytokine and chemokine secretion by human peripheral blood cells in response to viable Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode vesicles.

Dreweck, C M; Soboslay, P T; Schulz-Key, H; Gottstein, Bruno; Kern, P (1999). Cytokine and chemokine secretion by human peripheral blood cells in response to viable Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode vesicles. Parasite immunology, 21(8), pp. 433-438. Blackwell Scientific Publications

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In human alveolar echinococcosis, asexually proliferating metacestodes of Echinococcus multilocularis progressively infiltrate host tissues and cause serious pathology to the affected organs. This study employed an in vitro culture of E. multilocularis and examined the production of cytokines and chemokines by peripheral blood cells from echinococcosis patients in response to viable proliferating E. multilocularis metacestode vesicles (Em-vesicles). A significant interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) production was elicited in echinococcosis patients when their cells were cocultured with viable Em-vesicles and autologous immune sera. Furthermore, in echinococcosis patients, substantial amounts of cytokines were detected; and the levels of IL-12 and IL-13 found in patients correlated with the actual state of clinical disease. These observations suggest that viable E. multilocularis vesicles will induce significant cellular production of cytokines and chemokines in patients, and that such immune mediators may activate and enhance antibody-dependent cellular effector mechanism against proliferating metacestodes of E. multilocularis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0141-9838

Publisher:

Blackwell Scientific Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bruno Gottstein

Date Deposited:

19 Jul 2018 15:28

Last Modified:

19 Jul 2018 15:28

PubMed ID:

10417677

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118775

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