[The importance of bovine neosporosis for abortion in Switzerland].

Fischer, I; Furrer, K; Audigé, L; Fritsche, A; Giger, T; Gottstein, Bruno; Sager, H (2003). [The importance of bovine neosporosis for abortion in Switzerland]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 145(3), pp. 114-123. Huber 10.1024/0036-7281.145.3.114

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The protozoan parasite Neospora caninum is one of the most important infectious abortion causes in cattle worldwide. In a Swiss case-control-study we investigated 113 abortion problem farms and 113 control farms. It was possible to detect N. caninum in 21% of 242 investigated aborted fetuses by PCR upon brain samples. Eighty-four % of mothers aborting N. caninum positive fetuses were serologically positive for this parasite. The seroprevalence for N. caninum of all aborting mothers was 44%. Within a period of 3 to 12 months 4,505 cattle from the participating farms were investigated serologically at two different time points. Strong fluctuations of the specific antibody concentration could be observed, resulting in a conversion to seronegativity in the second blood sample in 39% of formerly seropositive animals. Eighteen months after the end of the study, 42 case- and 42 controlfarms were questioned about their present abortion-status. Analysis of the questionnaire revealed that 80% of the former abortion problem farms observed an improvement of the situation. However, in 43% of those farms no preventive measures had been taken and no significant differences in hygiene, forage and animal turnover could be observed between case- and control-farms. Additionally, no significant differences were detected concerning risk factors such as the presence of farm dogs and the disposal procedure for placental and fetal material.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

German

Submitter:

Bruno Gottstein

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2018 10:56

Last Modified:

23 Jul 2018 11:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/0036-7281.145.3.114

PubMed ID:

12677771

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.118835

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118835

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