Isolation and characterization of a secretory component of Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes potentially involved in modulating the host-parasite interface.

Walker, Mirjam; Baz, Adriana; Dematteis, Sylvia; Stettler, Marianne; Gottstein, Bruno; Schaller, Johann; Hemphill, Andrew (2004). Isolation and characterization of a secretory component of Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes potentially involved in modulating the host-parasite interface. Infection and immunity, 72(1), pp. 527-536. American Society for Microbiology

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes are fluid-filled, vesicle-like organisms, which are characterized by continuous asexual proliferation via external budding of daughter vesicles, predominantly in the livers of infected individuals. Tumor-like growth eventually leads to the disease alveolar echinococcosis (AE). We employed the monoclonal antibody (MAb) E492/G1, previously shown to be directed against a carbohydrate-rich, immunomodulatory fraction of Echinococcus granulosus, to characterize potentially related components in E. multilocularis. Immunofluorescence studies demonstrated that MAb E492/G1-reactive epitopes were found predominantly on the laminated layer and in the periphery of developing brood capsules. The respective molecules were continuously released into the exterior medium and were also found in the parasite vesicle fluid. The MAb E492/G1-reactive fraction in E. multilocularis, named Em492 antigen, was isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography. Em492 antigen had a protein/carbohydrate ratio of 0.25, reacted with a series of lectins, and is related to the laminated layer-associated Em2(G11) antigen. The epitope recognized by MAb E492/G1 was sensitive to sodium periodate but was not affected by protease treatment. Anti-Em492 immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgG2 and, at lower levels, IgG3 were found in sera of mice suffering from experimentally induced secondary, but not primary, AE. However, with regard to cellular immunity, a suppressive effect on concanavalin A- or crude parasite extract-induced splenocyte proliferation in these mice was observed upon addition of Em492 antigen, but trypan blue exclusion tests and transmission electron microscopy failed to reveal any cytotoxic effect in Em492 antigen-treated spleen cells. This indicated that Em492 antigen could be modulating the periparasitic cellular environment during E. multilocularis infection through as yet unidentified mechanisms and could be one of the factors contributing to immunosuppressive events that occur at the host-parasite interface.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno and Hemphill, Andrew

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0019-9567

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bruno Gottstein

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2018 09:07

Last Modified:

23 Jul 2018 09:07

PubMed ID:

14688134

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118854

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback