Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis).

Bacciarini, L N; Gottstein, Bruno; Pagan, O; Rehmann, P; Gröne, A (2004). Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Veterinary pathology, 41(3), pp. 229-234. American College of Veterinary Pathologists 10.1354/vp.41-3-229

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Alveolar echinococcosis was diagnosed in 12 cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) at postmortem examination within a period of 6 years. Besides consistent involvement of the liver, parasitic lesions were also present in mesenteric lymph nodes, pancreas, lung, and kidney. In the liver, various patterns of host's responses to parasitic tissue could be distinguished. Infiltration of macrophages, often multinucleated, around usually intact metacestodes was the main feature of one pattern. A second pattern was characterized by the presence of abundant, normally degenerate granulocytes in addition to macrophages surrounding collapsed laminated structures. Finally and as a third pattern, some cysts were surrounded by marked collagen deposition, which was usually not a significant feature of the other foci. Parasitic cysts with protoscolices were observed in foci with the first and third pattern but not in the second one. The simultaneous occurrence of all three patterns was observed in most animals. Type AA amyloid was identified either in the space of Dissé, macrophages or blood vessel walls in nine animals using immunohistochemistry. Identity of parasitic structures such as metacestodes of Echinococcus multilocularis was confirmed immunohistochemically. All animals that could be tested serologically (7/12) had detectable antibodies against the E. multilocularis-specific Em2 antigen. Liver lesions of six animals were additionally analyzed by polymerase chain reaction, yielding the amplification of a specific E. multilocularis DNA fragment in each case.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0300-9858

Publisher:

American College of Veterinary Pathologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bruno Gottstein

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2018 14:48

Last Modified:

23 Jul 2018 14:48

Publisher DOI:

10.1354/vp.41-3-229

PubMed ID:

15133171

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.118856

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118856

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