Alveolar echinococcosis in the zoological garden Basle.

Rehmann, P; Gröne, A; Gottstein, Bruno; Sager, Heinz; Müller, Norbert; Völlm, J; Bacciarini, L N (2005). Alveolar echinococcosis in the zoological garden Basle. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 147(11), pp. 498-502. Huber 10.1024/0036-7281.147.11.498

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Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a rare, but potentially severe zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus (E.) multilocularis. Recent findings indicated an increasing importance of AE for non-human primates living in regions endemic for E. multilocularis. The death of five cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) and a lowland gorilla (Gorilla g. gorilla) due to AE raised concern about the incidence of this parasite in the Basle Zoo. Consequently, a project was initiated to investigate the prevalence amongst an affected group of cynomolgus monkeys, as well as in foxes and mice. Three out of 46 monkeys were seropositive for E. multilocularis antigen. In two of these monkeys and in another three animals, which were seronegative, structures compatible with metacestodal cysts were observed using ultrasonography. Seven out of 35 free roaming foxes caught at the zoo were positive for an intestinal E. multilocularis copro-antigen ELISA, four of them shed taeniid eggs simultaneously. No lesions compatible with AE were present in 50 necropsied mice from the zoo area. These results indicate that the fox population is a potential source to introduce E. multilocularis and may thus represent a risk for the zoo animals.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno; Sager, Heinz and Müller, Norbert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bruno Gottstein

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2018 10:51

Last Modified:

23 Jul 2018 11:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/0036-7281.147.11.498

PubMed ID:

16315852

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.118869

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118869

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