Localization of nitrite and sulfite reductase in bundle sheath and mesophyll cells of maize leaves

Schmutz, Daniel; Brunold, Christian (1985). Localization of nitrite and sulfite reductase in bundle sheath and mesophyll cells of maize leaves. Physiologia Plantarum, 64(4), pp. 523-528. Blackwell 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1985.tb08533.x

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The distribution of nitrite reductase (EC 1.7.7.1) and sulfite reductase (EC 1.8.7.1) between mesophyll ceils and bundle sheath cells of maize (Zea mays L. cv. Seneca 60) leaves was examined. This examination was complicated by the fact that both of these enzymes can reduce both NO‐2 and SO2‐3 In crude extracts from whole leaves, nitrite reductase activity was 6 to 10 times higher than sulfite reductase activity. Heat treatment (10 min at 55°C) caused a 55% decrease in salfite reductase activity in extracts from bundle sheath cells and mesophyll cells, whereas the loss in nitrite reductase activity was 58 and 82% in bundle sheath cells and mesophyll cell extracts, respectively. This result was explained, together with results from the literature, by the hypothesis that sulfite reductase is present in both bundle sheath cells and mesophyll cells, and that nitrite reductase is restricted to the mesophyll cells. This hypothesis was tested i) by comparing the distribution of nitrite reductase activity and sulfite reductase activity between bundle sheath and mesophyll cells with the presence of the marker enzymes ribulose‐l, 5‐bisphosphate carboxylase (EC 4.1.1.39) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (EC 4.1.1.32), ii) by examining the effect of cultivation of maize plants in the dark without a nitrogen source on nitrite reductase activity and sulfite reductase activity in the two types of cells, and iii) by studying the action of S2‐on the two enzyme activities in extracts from bundle sheath and mesophyll cells. The results from these experiments are consistent with the above hypothesis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brunold, Christian

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0031-9317

Publisher:

Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

25 Jul 2018 14:50

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 18:48

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1399-3054.1985.tb08533.x

Uncontrolled Keywords:

bundle sheath cells; mesophyll ceils; Zea mays

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.118954

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/118954

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