Regulatory Interactions Between Sulfate and Nitrate Assimilation

Brunold, Christian (1993). Regulatory Interactions Between Sulfate and Nitrate Assimilation. In: de Kok, Luit J.; Stulen, Ineke; Rennenberg, Heinz; Brunold, Christian; Rauser, Wilfried E. (eds.) Sulfur Nutrition and Assimilation in Higher Plants: Regulatory Agricultural and Environmental Aspects (pp. 61-76). The Hague: SPB Academic Publishing bv

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Sulfate and nitrate, which contain sulfur and nitrogen in their most highly oxidized form, are the dominant species available to many plants for covering their needs for these elements (Schiff 1983; Cram 1990; Oaks 1992). Assimilatory sulfate and nitrate reduction are therefore necessary for the synthesis of amino acids including sulfur containing amino acids like cysteine and methionine, in which both sulfur and nitrogen are present in reduced form. The dominant portion of the amino acids is used for protein synthesis. Therefore, the S/N ratio in plants is usually about 1/20 (Dijkshoorn & van Wijk 1967) reflecting the proportion of these elements in proteins. Only in species where sulfur is accumulated in the form of sulfate or of secondary plant products is the ratio significantly higher (Cram 1990; Ernst 1990). Plants appear to possess mechanisms to coordinate assimilatory sulfate and nitrate reduction so that the appropriate proportions of both sulfur containing and other amino acids are available for protein synthesis. This review focuses on these reciprocal regulatory mechanisms at the level of assimilation, hut the regulation of the uptake of NO3- and SO2 may be at least as important for coordinating both assimilatory pathways (Saccomani & Ferrari 1989; Cram 1990; Clarkson et al., this volume). Assimilatory nitrate (Solomonson & Barber 1990; Oaks 1992) and sulfate (Brunold 1990; Giovanelli 1990; Schmidt 1992) reduction have been reviewed very recently. Therefore, only aspects of both pathways are discussed here which form the basis for reviewing regulatory interactions between them.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology [discontinued]
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brunold, Christian


500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)




SPB Academic Publishing bv




Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

27 Jul 2018 13:28

Last Modified:

21 Nov 2019 00:40




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