Cognitive biases in health and psychiatric disorders: Neurophysiological foundations

Aue, Tatjana; Okon-Singer, Hadas (eds.) (2020). Cognitive biases in health and psychiatric disorders: Neurophysiological foundations. San Diego, CA: Elsevier 10.1016/C2018-0-00401-6

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Optimism bias describes people’s tendency to overestimate their likelihood to experience positive events and underestimate their likelihood to experience negative events in the future. The present chapter provides the necessary theoretical background to understand the various facets of optimism bias (section 1) and depicts the various motivational and cognitive underpinnings of the bias (section 2). Following a short primer on the methods used to investigate optimism bias (section 3), the empirical evidence is laid out from structural and functional neuroimaging studies (section 4) and psychophysiology studies (section 5). Further effort is devoted to differences in optimism bias in clinical populations with respect to the healthy mind (section 6). The chapter concludes with the challenges faced by the field of optimism bias (section 7) and the fruitful areas that future research can explore (section 8).

Item Type:

Book (Edited Volume)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Aue, Tatjana

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISBN:

978-0-12-816660-4

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tatjana Aue

Date Deposited:

06 Aug 2018 11:36

Last Modified:

04 May 2020 11:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/C2018-0-00401-6

Uncontrolled Keywords:

emotion; cognitive bias; expectancies; attention; interpretation; memory; psychopathology; optimism; fear; depression

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119074

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