Mapping the mix: Linking instruments, settings and target groups in the study of policy mixes

Mavrot, Céline; Hadorn, Susanne; Sager, Fritz (2018). Mapping the mix: Linking instruments, settings and target groups in the study of policy mixes. Research policy, 48(10), p. 103614. Elsevier 10.1016/j.respol.2018.06.012

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This article proposes the extension of a conceptual framework aimed at analysing policy mixes and their outcomes and demonstrates its value added for the study of sustainability transitions. The argument is that policy mixes research should not focus only on the form of policy instruments, but also on their implementation context. Policy mix form designates the specific policy instruments that are involved according to a policy strategy. Policy mix context includes the specific setting where each policy measure is implemented, such as enterprise or family. It also includes the specific target group of each measure, such as youth or smokers. We apply this conceptual framework to the policy concept and implementation of tobacco control policies in Switzerland, which are an exemplary case for analysing transitions as they are geared towards behavioural change. In a mixed method approach, we triangulate different sets of quantitative and qualitative indicators in order to assess the implementation of eleven subnational policy mixes. Our findings show that taking into account the moderating role of settings between policy instruments and target groups allows for a more in depth analysis of policy processes. Observing the interactions between the four elements policy instruments, policy strategy, the implementation settings and the target groups allows capturing the complexity of policy mixes, at the crossroads of policy design, policy implementation and policy outcomes. Taking implementation settings and target groups into account in the analysis of policy mixes allows for a refined understanding of policy compliance and thus, from a broader perspective, of sustainability transitions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


11 Centers of Competence > KPM Center for Public Management

UniBE Contributor:

Mavrot, Céline Hélène Jeanne, Hadorn, Susanne (A), Sager, Fritz


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 350 Public administration & military science








Deborah Anna Fritzsche

Date Deposited:

14 Aug 2018 12:02

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:36

Publisher DOI:





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