Tef (Eragrostis tef) Variety ‘Tesfa’

Kebede, Worku; Tolossa, Kidist; Hussein, Nigussu; Fikre, Tsion; Genet, Yazachew; Bekele, Abate; Gebremeskel, Kidu; Fentahun, Atinkut; Daba, Habte; Plaza-Wüthrich, Sonia; Blösch, Regula; Chanyalew, Solomon; Asefa, Kebedew; Tadele, Zerihun (2018). Tef (Eragrostis tef) Variety ‘Tesfa’. Ethiopian journal of agricultural sciences, 28(2), pp. 107-112. African Journals Online

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Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is extensively cultivated cereal crop in Ethiopia where it is annually grown by about 6.5 million smallholder farmers on about 30% of the total area allocated to cereal crops.However, the productivity of tef is very low compared to other cereals mainly due to lack of high yielding and lodging tolerant cultivars. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the recently released tef variety called Tesfaand to provide unique morphological and agronomic descriptions of this new variety. Ten genotypes which were derived from three independent crosses and bred for at least eight generations plus a local and standard check varieties were tested at six tef growing sites in Ethiopia (namely, Adet, Chafe Donsa,DebreZeit black soil, DebreZeit light soil,Ginchiand Holetta) using RandomizedCompleteBlock Design with three replications. The study found that Tesfa(DZ-Cr-457 RIL-181) which was obtained from a cross between kinde (a semi-dwarf mutant line developed at the University of Bern, Switzerland) and Kay Murri(a landrace) outperformed other genotypes and approved for release by the Ethiopian National Variety Release Committee in March 2017.The main advantages of Tesfa over other tested lines were its higher grain yield and higher lodging tolerance. In addition, Tesfa possesses unique properties for which high acceptance by growers is expected. These are its compact panicle, lack of shattering, and thick and strong culm

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Daba, Habte Jifar; Plaza, Sonia; Blösch, Regula and Tadele, Zerihun

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

2415-2382

Publisher:

African Journals Online

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

29 Aug 2018 11:57

Last Modified:

27 Oct 2019 08:42

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119211

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119211

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