References to the Pharaoh in the Local Glyptic Assemblage of the Southern Levant During the First Part of the 1st Millennium BCE

Münger, Stefan (2018). References to the Pharaoh in the Local Glyptic Assemblage of the Southern Levant During the First Part of the 1st Millennium BCE. Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections, 18, pp. 40-62. University of Arizona

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Among the thousands of scarabs, scaraboids and other stamp-seal amulets unearthed in Iron Age contexts in Cisand Transjordan, many are engraved with royal Egyptian imagery. Focusing mainly on pharaonic motifs, this paper aims to catalogue the principal motifs and production groups, to trace their development throughout the earlier parts of the Iron Age and to extrapolate their significance vis-à-vis the other contemporary glyptic assemblages. As will be shown, the royal imagery of the Egyptian king underwent considerable changes during pre-monarchic and monarchic times in Israel, Judah and neighboring regions. Local seal production not only vividly copied earlier and contemporary Egyptian prototypes, it also developed idiosyncratic “pharaonic” motifs that were produced for the local market. Imported Egyptian glyptic goods—such as scarabs and other amulet types—reveal further facets of the seal consumption. They, too, shed light upon the ideological and religious preferences of the local population and illuminate the development of vernacular a itudes towards pharaonic symbols of power—including their obvious political and sacred connotations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

01 Faculty of Theology > Institute of Jewish Studies
01 Faculty of Theology > Department of Protestant Theology [discontinued] > Institute of Jewish Studies [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Münger, Stefan

Subjects:

200 Religion > 290 Other religions
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISSN:

1944-2815

Publisher:

University of Arizona

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan Münger

Date Deposited:

20 Aug 2018 11:27

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2019 21:56

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119347

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119347

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