Long term outcome of skull-base chondrosarcoma patients treated with high-dose proton therapy with or without conventional radiation therapy.

Weber, Damien Charles; Murray, Fritz; Combescure, Christophe; Calugaru, Valentin; Alapetite, Claire; Albertini, Francesca; Bolle, Stephanie; Goudjil, Farid; Pica, Alessia; Walser, Marc; Mammar, Hamid; Bachtiary, Barbara; Lomax, Tony; Noël, Georges; Dendale, Rémi; Feuvret, Loic (2018). Long term outcome of skull-base chondrosarcoma patients treated with high-dose proton therapy with or without conventional radiation therapy. Radiotherapy and oncology, 129(3), pp. 520-526. Elsevier 10.1016/j.radonc.2018.06.040

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Skull-base chondrosarcoma (ChSa) is a rare bone tumor and the outcome of patients with this malignancy has been documented only in a limited number of series with a restricted number of patients. OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to assess the outcome and prognostic factors of a large cohort of ChSa patients treated with radiotherapy in two proton therapy centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS From 1996 to 2015, 251 (male, 43.4%) patients (mean age, 42.0 ± 16.2 years) were treated with protons with (n = 135; 53.8%) or without photons (n = 116; 46.2%). Median delivered dose was 70.2 Gy. Failure-free survival (FFS), overall survival (OS) and CTCAE grade ≥3 toxicity free survival (TFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS After a median follow-up of 88.0 months for surviving patients, local and distant failures were observed in 12 (4.8%) and 4 (1.6%) patients, respectively. Late failures >6 years were observed in 4 (33.3%) patients. The estimated 7-year FFS was 93.1%. Twenty-five (10%) patients died. The estimated 7-year OS was 93.6%. Tumor volume (p = 0.006) and optic pathway compression (p = 0.027) were significantly associated with the risk of treatment failure on univariate analysis. Treatment failure was significantly associated with a higher risk of death (hazard ratio = 126). The estimated 7-year TFS was 84.2%. CONCLUSIONS The outcome of skull-base ChSa patients treated with high-dose protons with or without photons is excellent, particularly for patients with small tumors with no optic pathway compression. Treatment failure was however associated with a significantly increased risk of death.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Weber, Damien Charles and Pica, Alessia

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0167-8140

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

27 Aug 2018 10:49

Last Modified:

13 Dec 2018 01:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.radonc.2018.06.040

PubMed ID:

30021697

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Chondrosarcoma Distant failure Local tumor control Proton therapy Radiation induced toxicity Skull-base tumor

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119557

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119557

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