Reasons for Disparity in Statin Adherence Rates between Clinical Trials and Real World Observations. A Review.

Vonbank, Alexander; Drexel, Heinz; Agewall, Stefan; Lewis, Basil S; Dopheide, Jörn Fredrik; Kjeldsen, Keld; Ceconi, Claudio; Savarese, Gianluigi; Rosano, Giuseppe; Wassmann, Sven; Niessner, Alexander; Andersen Schmidt, Thomas; Saely, Christoph H; Baumgartner, Iris; Tamargo, Juan (2018). Reasons for Disparity in Statin Adherence Rates between Clinical Trials and Real World Observations. A Review. European heart journal - cardiovascular pharmacotherapy, 4(4), pp. 230-236. Oxford University Press 10.1093/ehjcvp/pvy028

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With statins, the reported rate of adverse events differs widely between randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and observations in clinical practice, the rates being 1-2% in RCTs versus 10-20% in the so-called real world. One possible explanation is the claim that RCTs mostly use a run-in period with a statin. This would exclude intolerant patients from being included into RCTs and therefore favor a bias towards lower rates of intolerance.We here review data from RCTs with more than 1000 participants with and without a run-in period, which were included in the Cholesterol Treatment Trialists collaboration (CTTC). Two major conclusions arise: 1) The majority of RCTs did not have a test dose of a statin in the run-in phase. 2) A test dose in the run-in phase was not associated with a significantly improved adherence rate within that trial when compared to trials without a test dose. Taken together, the RCTs of statins reviewed here do not suggest a bias towards an artificially higher adherence rate because of a run-in period with a test dose of the statin.Other possible explanations for the apparent disparity between RCTs and real world observations are also included in this review albeit mostly not supported by scientific data.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Angiology

UniBE Contributor:

Dopheide, Jörn Fredrik and Baumgartner, Iris

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2055-6837

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sariana Kiechler

Date Deposited:

14 Sep 2018 09:43

Last Modified:

23 Sep 2018 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/ehjcvp/pvy028

PubMed ID:

30099530

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119952

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119952

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