Neural signatures of different behavioral types in fairness norm compliance

Gianotti, Lorena R.R.; Nash, Kyle; Baumgartner, Thomas; Dahinden, Franziska M.; Knoch, Daria (2018). Neural signatures of different behavioral types in fairness norm compliance. Scientific Reports, 8(10513), pp. 1-10. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41598-018-28853-5

[img]
Preview
Text
s41598-018-28853-5.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (1MB) | Preview

Fairness norm compliance is critical in any society. However, norm compliant behavior is very heterogeneous. Some people are reliably fair (voluntary compliers). Some are fair to avoid sanctions (sanction-based compliers), and some are reliably unfair (non-compliers). These types play divergent roles in society. However, they remain poorly understood. Here, we combined neural measures (resting electroencephalography and event-related potentials) and economic paradigms to better understand these types. We found that voluntary compliers are characterized by higher baseline activation in the right temporo-parietal junction, suggesting better social cognition capacity compared to sanction-based compliers and non-compliers. The latter two types are differentiated by (a) baseline activation in the dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex, a brain area known to be involved in self-control processes, and (b) event-related potentials in a classic self-control task. Both results suggest that sanction-based compliers have better self-control capacity than non-compliers. These findings improve our understanding of fairness norm compliance. Broadly, our findings suggest that established training techniques that boost self-control might help non-compliers adhere to fairness norms.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience

UniBE Contributor:

Gianotti, Lorena; Nash, Kyle Andrew; Baumgartner, Thomas; Dahinden, Franziska Maria and Knoch, Daria

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

2045-2322

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lorena Gianotti

Date Deposited:

20 Sep 2018 08:35

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 04:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41598-018-28853-5

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.120021

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/120021

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback