Attosecond time–energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses

Hartmann, N.; Hartmann, G.; Heider, R.; Wagner, M. S.; Ilchen, M.; Buck, J.; Lindahl, A. O.; Benko, C.; Grünert, J.; Krzywinski, J.; Liu, J.; Lutman, A. A.; Marinelli, A.; Maxwell, T.; Miahnahri, A. A.; Moeller, S. P.; Planas, M.; Robinson, J.; Kazansky, A. K.; Kabachnik, N. M.; ... (2018). Attosecond time–energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses. Nature Photonics, 12(4), pp. 215-220. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41566-018-0107-6

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The time–energy information of ultrashort X-ray free-electron laser pulses generated by the Linac Coherent Light Source is measured with attosecond resolution via angular streaking of neon 1s photoelectrons. The X-ray pulses promote electrons from the neon core level into an ionization continuum, where they are dressed with the electric field of a circularly polarized infrared laser. This induces characteristic modulations of the resulting photoelectron energy and angular distribution. From these modulations we recover the single-shot attosecond intensity structure and chirp of arbitrary X-ray pulses based on self-amplified spontaneous emission, which have eluded direct measurement so far. We characterize individual attosecond pulses, including their instantaneous frequency, and identify double pulses with well-defined delays and spectral properties, thus paving the way for X-ray pump/X-ray probe attosecond free-electron laser science.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Applied Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Feurer, Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 620 Engineering

ISSN:

1749-4885

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Franziska Stämpfli

Date Deposited:

24 Sep 2018 10:01

Last Modified:

24 Sep 2018 10:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41566-018-0107-6

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.120076

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/120076

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