An Intracardiac Flow Based Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting Mechanism for Cardiac Pacing

Tholl, Maximilien Victor; Häberlin, Andreas; Meier, Benjamin Kurt; Shaheen, Sam; Bereuter, Lukas David; Becsek, Barna Errol Mario; Tanner, Hildegard; Niederhauser, Thomas; Zurbuchen, Adrian (2019). An Intracardiac Flow Based Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting Mechanism for Cardiac Pacing. IEEE transactions on biomedical engineering, 66(2), pp. 530-538. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE 10.1109/TBME.2018.2849868

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Contemporary cardiac implantable electronic devices such as pacemakers or event recorders are powered by primary batteries. Device replacement due to battery depletion may cause complications and is costly. The goal of energy harvesting devices is to power the implant with energy from intra-corporeal power sources such as vibrations and blood flow. By replacing primary batteries with energy harvesters, re-interventions can be avoided and the size of the total device might be reduced. This paper introduces a device with a lever which is deflected by the blood stream within right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), an attractive site for cardiac pacing. The resulting torque is converted to electrical energy by an electromagnetic mechanism. The blood flow harvester weighs 6.4 g and has a volume of 2 cm 3 , making the harvester small enough for catheter implantation. It was tested in an experimental setup mimicking flow conditions in the RVOT. The blood flow harvester generated a mean power of 14.39 +/- 8.38 μW at 60 bpm (1 Hz) and up to 82.64 +/- 17.14 μW at 200 bpm (3.33 Hz) during bench experiments at 1 m/s peak flow velocity. Therefore, it presents a viable alternative to power batteryless and leadless cardiac pacemakers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Faculty Institutions > Sitem Center for Translational Medicine and Biomedical Entrepreneurship
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Cardiovascular Engineering (CVE)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Tholl, Maximilien Victor; Häberlin, Andreas; Bereuter, Lukas David; Becsek, Barna Errol Mario; Tanner, Hildegard; Niederhauser, Thomas and Zurbuchen, Adrian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0018-9294

Publisher:

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE

Language:

English

Submitter:

Maximilien Victor Tholl

Date Deposited:

17 Oct 2018 13:09

Last Modified:

09 Aug 2019 13:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1109/TBME.2018.2849868

PubMed ID:

29993502

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/120113

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