Evaluation of the isoflurane-sparing effects of lidocaine infusion during umbilical surgery in calves

Vesal, N.; Spadavecchia, C.; Steiner, A.; Kirscher, F.; Levionnois, O.L. (2011). Evaluation of the isoflurane-sparing effects of lidocaine infusion during umbilical surgery in calves. Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia, 38(5), pp. 451-60. Oxford: Blackwell Science 10.1111/j.1467-2995.2011.00636.x

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the isoflurane-sparing effects of lidocaine administered by constant rate infusion (CRI) during umbilical surgery in calves. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized 'blinded' prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Thirty calves (mean 4.7 +/- SD 2.5 weeks old) undergoing umbilical surgery. METHODS: After premedication with xylazine (0.1 mg kg(-1) , IM), anaesthesia was induced with ketamine (4 mg kg(-1) , IV) and maintained with isoflurane in O(2) administered through a circle breathing system. The calves were assigned randomly to receive a bolus of 2 mg kg(-1) lidocaine IV after induction of anaesthesia, followed by CRI of 50 mug kg(-1) minute(-1) (group L, n=15) or a bolus and CRI of 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl, group S, n=15). End-tidal isoflurane was adjusted to achieve adequate depth of anaesthesia. Heart rate, direct arterial blood pressure and body temperature were measured intraoperatively. Groups were compared by t- tests, anova or Mann-Whitney rank sum test as appropriate. RESULTS: The end-tidal concentration of isoflurane (median, IQR) was significantly lower in group L [1.0% (0.94-1.1)] compared to group S [1.2% (1.1-1.5)], indicating a 16.7% reduction in anaesthetic requirement during lidocaine CRI. Cardiopulmonary parameters and recovery times did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Lidocaine CRI may be used as a supplement to inhalation anaesthesia during umbilical surgery in calves in countries where such a protocol would be within the legal requirements for veterinary use in food animals. This study did not show any measurable benefit to the calves other than a reduction in isoflurane requirement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Anaesthesiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)

UniBE Contributor:

Spadavecchia, Claudia; Steiner, Adrian; Kirscher, Franziska and Levionnois, Olivier

ISSN:

1467-2987

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:31

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2014 15:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1467-2995.2011.00636.x

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/12014 (FactScience: 218286)

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