Intestinal atresia and ectopia in a bovine fetus

Lejeune, Beatrice; Miclard, J.; Stoffel, Michael Hubert; Meylan, Mireille (2011). Intestinal atresia and ectopia in a bovine fetus. Veterinary pathology, 48(4), pp. 830-3. Middleton, Wis.: American College of Veterinary Pathologists 10.1177/0300985810383872

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A 2-year-old Red Holstein cow was presented with uterine torsion at 235 days of pregnancy. The fetus extracted by cesarean section had weak vital signs and marked abdominal distention. An edematous pouch that contained tubular structures with peristaltic activity was associated with the umbilical cord. Because of poor prognosis, both dam and fetus were euthanized. At necropsy, the fetus had severe distention of the forestomachs, abomasum, and proximal small intestine; absence of distal small intestine, cecum, and proximal colon; atresia of the 2 blind ends of the intestine; and atrophy of distal colon and rectum. The tubular structures associated with the umbilical cord were identified as the segments of intestine that were absent in the fetus. Intestinal atresia combined with ectopia may be caused by local ischemia during temporary herniation and rotation of the fetal gut into the extraembryonic coelom. The close connection between ectopic intestine and amniotic sheath of the umbilical cord in this case may have facilitated vascularization and allowed development and viability of the ectopic intestine.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Anatomy
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants

UniBE Contributor:

Lejeune, Beatrice; Stoffel, Michael Hubert and Meylan, Mireille


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture




American College of Veterinary Pathologists




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:31

Last Modified:

29 Sep 2014 11:11

Publisher DOI:


URI: (FactScience: 218289)

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