Clinical characteristics and causes of pruritus in cats: a multicentre study on feline hypersensitivity-associated dermatoses

Hobi, S.; Linek, M.; Marignac, G.; Olivry, T.; Beco, L.; Nett, C.; Fontaine, J.; Roosje, P.; Bergvall, K.; Belova, S.; Koebrich, S.; Pin, D.; Kovalik, M.; Meury, S.; Wilhelm, S.; Favrot, C. (2011). Clinical characteristics and causes of pruritus in cats: a multicentre study on feline hypersensitivity-associated dermatoses. Veterinary dermatology, 22(5), pp. 406-13. Oxford: Blackwell Science 10.1111/j.1365-3164.2011.00962.x

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Hypersensitivity dermatitides (HD) are often suspected in cats. Cats with HD are reported to present with one or more of the following patterns: miliary dermatitis, eosinophilic dermatitis, self-induced symmetrical alopecia or head and/or neck excoriations. Previous reports on feline HD included small numbers of animals, took place in geographically restricted areas or did not compare these conditions with other causes of pruritus. The goal of the present study was to analyse 72 parameters covering signalment, clinical, laboratory and treatment characteristics from a large group of pruritic cats from different geographical areas. Of the 502 cats, the following diagnoses were made: flea HD (29% of cases), food HD (12%) nonflea/nonfood HD (20%) and other diseases in which pruritus was a feature (24%). Cats with signs consistent with a HD but which did not complete a food trial were not analysed further (15% of cases). Most cats with nonflea HD exhibited signs compatible with one or more of the four typical lesional patterns, but none of these patterns was found to be pathognomonic for any specific diagnosis. Food HD and nonflea/nonfood HD were found to be clinically undistinguishable. Young adult, purebred and female cats appeared predisposed to nonflea/nonfood HD. As many diagnoses presented with similar lesional patterns, a thorough clinical work-up is required for establishment of a specific diagnosis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Dermatology

UniBE Contributor:

Roosje, Pieternella

ISSN:

0959-4493

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:31

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2014 15:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1365-3164.2011.00962.x

Web of Science ID:

000294819600004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/12057 (FactScience: 218333)

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