Ice jams and their impact on urban communities from a long-term perspective (Middle Ages to 19th century)

Rohr, Christian (24 October 2018). Ice jams and their impact on urban communities from a long-term perspective (Middle Ages to 19th century) (Unpublished). In: Urban Water Colloquium. Kiel. 23.-26.10.2018.

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Ice jams and subsequent floods are among the most disastrous events in cities situated on the riverside. In pre-modern times, before the large stratification projects of the 19th century began, freezing rivers with a thick ice cover had been much more likely than today. This is caused by a slower current due to a widely spread and shallower riverbed, the lower temperatures during Little Ice Age and the lack of warm effluents by industrial complexes. When the ice broke up again in late winter, the ice floes sometimes were stuck in shallow areas or by bridges. An ice jam could let the water rise very quickly and in some cases much higher than even during the worst summer floods. Urban quarters were flooded within a very short time and gave the afflicted inhabitants hardly any time for rescue activities. The low water temperature made it nearly impossible to survive in the floods. The paper focuses on examples from central Europe from the Middle Ages to the disastrous ice floods of 1784 and 1830 and asks for the development of coping strategies and the emergence of memory cultures in an urban context.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History > Economic, Social and Environmental History

UniBE Contributor:

Rohr, Christian

Subjects:

900 History
900 History > 940 History of Europe

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christian Rohr

Date Deposited:

25 Oct 2018 12:41

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2018 12:41

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Ice floods, Danube River, Middle Ages, Early Modern Times, Krems, Vienna

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/120641

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