Profiles of executive functions and social skills in the transition to school: A person‐centred approach

Martarelli, Corinna S.; Feurer, Emanuel; Dapp, Laura C.; Roebers, Claudia M. (2018). Profiles of executive functions and social skills in the transition to school: A person‐centred approach. Infant and child development, 27(6, e2114), pp. 1-17. Wiley 10.1002/icd.2114

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Whether a child is ready for school is of interest for different parties involved. With a person‐centred approach, the present study examined 123 kindergarteners (59 girls, 64 boys) regarding their early executive functions and social skills profiles. Children were 6–7 years of age at the first measurement point (M = 6; 6, SD = 4.22, range = 5; 8–7; 8). One year later, at the end of first grade, they were 7–8‐years old (M = 7; 6, SD = 4.11, range = 6; 9–8; 8). Four different profiles were identified. The profiles did not differ on demographic dimensions or socioeconomic status but appeared to be related to academic achievement and school adjustment at the end of the first grade 1 year later. Profiles with high executive functions showed the greatest predictive validity, independent of their social skills. However, greater social skills seemed to serve as a compensator in the profile with lower executive functions. The resulting profiles have theoretical and practical relevance, when discussing the question what a child needs to be “ready” for school.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Martarelli, Corinna; Feurer, Emanuel; Dapp, Laura Claude and Roebers, Claudia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1522-7227

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jennifer Ruth Sprenger

Date Deposited:

20 Mar 2019 08:09

Last Modified:

20 Mar 2019 08:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/icd.2114

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.121511

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/121511

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