IMPACT OF INNER LIMITING MEMBRANE PEELING ON VISUAL RECOVERY AFTER VITRECTOMY FOR PRIMARY RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT INVOLVING THE FOVEA.

Garweg, Justus G.; Deiss, Mario; Pfister, Isabel B; Gerhardt, Christin (2018). IMPACT OF INNER LIMITING MEMBRANE PEELING ON VISUAL RECOVERY AFTER VITRECTOMY FOR PRIMARY RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT INVOLVING THE FOVEA. (In Press). Retina - the journal of retinal and vitreous diseases Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/IAE.0000000000002046

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PURPOSE To assess the impact of inner limiting membrane peeling during vitrectomy for macula-involving retinal detachment on best-corrected visual acuity (VA). METHODS Retrospective analysis of 89 eyes with primary macula-involving retinal detachment, which was undergoing vitrectomy, endolaser, retinotomy, endodrainage, and SF6 tamponade. Membrane-blue-assisted membrane peeling had been performed in 61 of the eyes (Group 1) but not in the other 28 (Group 2), which served as controls. RESULTS Age, lens status, and incidence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy 26.2% versus 39.3%; P = 0.23 in the 2 groups were comparable. The preoperative visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters) was 25.7 ± 27.9 in Group 1 and 28.8 ± 29.9 in Group 2 (P = 0.47). After surgery, these rose from 62.3 ± 30.5 (Group 1) and 34.2 ± 35.8 (Group 2) after 1 week (P = 0.090), through 83.1 ± 8.0 and 57.2 ± 32.4 at 1 month (P = 0.0005), to 92.1 ± 4.5 and 74.4 ± 23.1 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters after 6 months (P = 0.0005). More than 6-month incidences of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (13.1% vs. 28.6%; P = 0.13) were similar, whereas the redetachment rate (9.8% vs. 32.1%; P = 0.014), the incidence of secondary epiretinal membranes (1.6% vs. 35.7%; P = 0.0005), and the revitrectomy rate were lower in group 1 (9.8% vs. 53.6%; P = 0.0005). CONCLUSION Inner limiting membrane peeling during vitrectomy for macula-involving retinal detachment may substantially contribute to the visual recovery, reducing the incidence of secondary epiretinal membrane formation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Garweg, Justus

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0275-004X

Publisher:

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sebastian Wolf

Date Deposited:

28 Nov 2018 13:22

Last Modified:

28 Nov 2018 17:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/IAE.0000000000002046

PubMed ID:

29394235

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.121551

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/121551

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