Age-related morphological, histological and functional changes in teeth

Carvalho, T S; Lussi, A (2017). Age-related morphological, histological and functional changes in teeth. Journal of oral rehabilitation, 44(4), pp. 291-298. Wiley 10.1111/joor.12474

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Throughout lifetime, the teeth are continuously exposed to numerous chemical and physical impacts, which cause the wear of the dental hard tissues, gingival recession and other oral changes with sometimes subsequent problems. Age-related wear of tooth surfaces reduces the dental enamel thickness and exposes deeper layers of enamel, which have different physical and chemical properties than the surface enamel. Gingival recession is the main causal factor of root caries and dentine hypersensitivity. Age-related changes in dentine include the formation of secondary dentine and the reduction in tubular lumen diameter (dentine sclerosis), which lead to a reduction in the volume of the pulp chamber. In addition to the reduction in the volume of pulp chamber, changes to the dental pulp also include dental pulp calcifications. The age-related physiological changes to the teeth should be carefully distinguished from pathological changes, especially when they induce pain or a negative impact on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the older individuals. Therefore, regular oral examinations coupled with early preventive measures should aim at maintaining oral health until old age.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Restorative Dentistry, Research

UniBE Contributor:

Carvalho, T S

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0305-182X

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thiago Saads Carvalho

Date Deposited:

20 Dec 2018 11:08

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 07:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/joor.12474

PubMed ID:

28032898

Uncontrolled Keywords:

aged ageing dental pulp calcification dentine sensitivity root caries tooth

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.121803

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/121803

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