Going beyond technocratic and democratic principles: Stakeholder acceptance of instruments in Swiss energy policy

Kammermann, Lorenz; Ingold, Karin (2019). Going beyond technocratic and democratic principles: Stakeholder acceptance of instruments in Swiss energy policy. Policy sciences, 52(1), pp. 43-65. Springer 10.1007/s11077-018-9341-5

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This paper is about stakeholders’ acceptance regarding regulatory instruments in energy policy. We expect that today’s introduced instruments not only correspond most to technocratic principles and what elected officials prefer, but that they correlate with the preferences of a wider number of public and private actors in policymaking. We therefore compare the already introduced policy instruments to instrument preferences of the public administration, elected officials, but also NGOs and utilities. In doing so, we contribute to the question of whether or not the instruments already introduced today correspond to technocratic or democratic principles, or to the preferences of the larger governance arrangement involving other public and private actors. We compare three cantons in Switzerland and gather data through a systematic literature review, expert interviews, and surveys. The comparison of the data suggest that the currently selected policy instruments correspond to technocratic principles, but that they also and often correspond to the preferences of public and private actors. More concretely, whereas in one canton, NGO preferences align with the introduced instruments, in another canton, this is the case for utilities. In the third canton, all different actor types display similar preferences very much in accordance with the currently employed instrument mix. We thus conclude that depending on the region, different principles and preferences are reflected in the current policy mix.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Political Science

UniBE Contributor:

Kammermann, Lorenz and Ingold, Karin Mirjam


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science








Lorenz Kammermann

Date Deposited:

07 Dec 2018 09:59

Last Modified:

04 Dec 2019 02:30

Publisher DOI:






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