Psychiatric Emergencies of Asylum Seekers; Descriptive Analysis and Comparison with Immigrants of Warranted Residence.

Schoretsanitis, Georgios; Eisenhardt, Sarah; Ricklin, Meret; Srivastava, David Shiva; Walther, Sebastian; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis (2018). Psychiatric Emergencies of Asylum Seekers; Descriptive Analysis and Comparison with Immigrants of Warranted Residence. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(7) Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/ijerph15071300

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The aim of our study was to assess utilization patterns of psychiatric services by asylum seekers. We included 119 adults who presented themselves at the University Emergency Department between 1 March 2012 and 1 January 2017 for psychiatric consultation. Descriptive data were compared with a control group of non-Swiss individuals with warranted residence permits using Mann-Whitney- and chi square (&chi;²) tests. Patients were mainly single, male, residing in reception centers, and presented themselves most frequently due to suicidal ideation. Almost 60% of the patients were assigned to inpatient treatments, with 28 involuntary cases. Compared to the control group, asylum seekers were younger and more often men ( < 0.001 for both). Further, they less often had family in Switzerland (&chi;² = 9.91, = 0.007). The proportion of patients coming in as walk-ins was significantly higher in the control group than in asylum seekers (&chi;² = 37.0, < 0.001). Asylum seekers were more frequently referred due to suicidal ideation and aggressive behavior than participants in the control group (&chi;² = 80.07, < 0.001). Diagnoses for asylum seekers infrequently included mood, as they often reported stress-related disorders (&chi;² = 19.6, = 0.021) and they were infrequently released home (&chi;² = 9.19, = 0.027). Asylum seekers more frequently demonstrated severe symptoms such as suicidal ideation and aggressive behavior and they were mainly treated as inpatients, potentially due to minimal social resources.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services

UniBE Contributor:

Schoretsanitis, Georgios; Eisenhardt, Sarah; Ricklin, Meret; Srivastava, David Shiva; Walther, Sebastian and Exadaktylos, Aristomenis

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1661-7827

Publisher:

Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sebastian Walther

Date Deposited:

11 Dec 2018 10:36

Last Modified:

11 Dec 2018 10:36

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/ijerph15071300

PubMed ID:

29933607

Uncontrolled Keywords:

asylum seekers involuntary treatment psychiatric emergency services psychiatric hospitalization

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122043

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122043

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