Recurrence of Hepatitis B Infection in Liver Transplant Patients Receiving Long-Term Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin Prophylaxis.

Beckebaum, Susanne; Herzer, Kerstin; Bauhofer, Artur; Gelson, William; De Simone, Paolo; de Man, Robert; Engelmann, Cornelius; Müllhaupt, Beat; Vionnet, Julien; Salizzoni, Mauro; Volpes, Riccardo; Ercolani, Giorgio; De Carlis, Luciano; Angeli, Paolo; Burra, Patrizia; Dufour, Jean-François; Rossi, Massimo; Cillo, Umberto; Neumann, Ulf; Fischer, Lutz; ... (2018). Recurrence of Hepatitis B Infection in Liver Transplant Patients Receiving Long-Term Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin Prophylaxis. Annals of transplantation, 23, pp. 789-801. International Scientific Information 10.12659/AOT.910176

[img]
Preview
Text
anntransplant-23-789.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (510kB) | Preview

BACKGROUND Long-term real-world data are relatively sparse regarding recurrence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection after liver transplantation using hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIg) and nucleos(t)ide analogue (NUC) prophylaxis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data from 371 adults transplanted for HBV-related disease at 20 European centers and given HBIg for ³12 months ± NUC therapy were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS HBIg comprised Hepatect® (iv HBIgB; n=299), subcutaneous Zutectra® (sc HBIg, n=236), and other HBIg preparations (n=130); 93.5% received NUC therapy. Mean follow-up was 6.8±3.5 years. The primary efficacy variable, freedom from HBV recurrence, occurred in 95.7% of patients (95% CI [93.1%, 97.5%]). The observed incidence of recurrence was 16/371 (4.3%) (annual rate 0.65%); 5/16 patients with recurrence had discontinued HBIg and 7/16 had anti-HBs <100 IU/l. Excluding these 7 patients, the HBV recurrence rate was 2.4%. The recurrence rate while on HBIg therapy was 1 per 2069 months. In patients who discontinued HBIg, risk of HBV recurrence versus sc HBIg users was increased by 5.2-fold (1 per 1 603 versus 1 per 8379 treatment months). The annual rate of HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence was 1.7%. CONCLUSIONS These results support the long-term use of HBIg with NUC therapy as an effective management strategy to minimize risk of HBV recurrence and virus-related complications after liver transplantation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Hepatology

UniBE Contributor:

Dufour, Jean-François

Subjects:

600 Technology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2329-0358

Publisher:

International Scientific Information

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thi Thao Anh Pham

Date Deposited:

19 Dec 2018 08:38

Last Modified:

19 Dec 2018 08:38

Publisher DOI:

10.12659/AOT.910176

PubMed ID:

30420590

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122153

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122153

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback