RNA localization and transport

Suter, Beat (2018). RNA localization and transport. Biochimica et biophysica acta - gene regulatory mechanisms, 1861(10), pp. 938-951. Elsevier 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2018.08.004

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RNA localization serves numerous purposes from controlling development and differentiation to supporting the physiological activities of cells and organisms. After a brief introduction into the history of the study of mRNA localization I will focus on animal systems, describing in which cellular compartments and in which cell types mRNA localization was observed and studied. In recent years numerous novel localization patterns have been described, and countless mRNAs have been documented to accumulate in specific subcellular compartments. These fascinating revelations prompted speculations about the purpose of localizing all these mRNAs. In recent years experimental evidence for an unexpected variety of different functions has started to emerge. Aside from focusing on the functional aspects, I will discuss various ways of localizing mRNAs with a focus on the me- chanism of active and directed transport on cytoskeletal tracks. Structural studies combined with imaging of transport and biochemical studies have contributed to the enormous recent progress, particularly in under- standing how dynein/dynactin/BicD (DDB) dependent transport on microtubules works. This transport process actively localizes diverse cargo in similar ways to the minus end of microtubules and, at least in flies, also individual mRNA molecules. A sophisticated mechanism ensures that cargo loading licenses processive trans- port.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology > Drosophila
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology

UniBE Contributor:

Suter, Beat

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1874-9399

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[42] Schweizerischer Nationalfonds
[UNSPECIFIED] University of Bern

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beat Suter

Date Deposited:

12 Dec 2018 15:11

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 12:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bbagrm.2018.08.004

PubMed ID:

30496039

Uncontrolled Keywords:

RNA localisation, mRNA, control gene expression

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122421

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122421

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