Evaluation of vascular changes in intermediate uveitis and retinal vasculitis using swept-source wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography.

Tian, Meng; Tappeiner, Christoph; Zinkernagel, Martin; Huf, Wolfgang; Wolf, Sebastian; Munk, Marion R (2019). Evaluation of vascular changes in intermediate uveitis and retinal vasculitis using swept-source wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography. The British journal of ophthalmology, 103(9), pp. 1289-1295. BMJ Publishing Group 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313078

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PURPOSE To evaluate vascular changes in patients with intermediate uveitis with or without retinal vasculitis using swept-source wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS This is a prospective cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients with intermediate uveitis were evaluated using wide-field OCTA. Wide-field OCTA and en-face OCT images were analysed for the presence of capillary non-perfusion and reduced perfusion, disruption of ellipsoid zone, and abnormalities on en-face wide-field retinal thickness maps, respectively, and compared with fluorescein angiography (FA) findings in a subcohort. RESULTS 164 eyes of 88 patients with intermediate uveitis were included. Areas of capillary non-perfusion and reduced perfusion were more frequently observed in the choroidal OCTA slab (33.3% and 49.4%), choriocapillaris (CC; 31.4% and 48%) and deep capillary plexus (DCP; 9.6% and 34.6%) than in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP; 5% and 26.3%), respectively. Intermediate uveitis with vasculitis presented more frequently with non-perfusion and hypoperfusion in the DCP (p=0.003 and p=0.05, respectively) and SCP (p=0.007 and p=0.005, respectively) than intermediate uveitis without vasculitis. Peripheral capillary leakage on FA correlated with the presence of perivascular, macular and generalised thickening on en-face wide-field thickness maps (p=0.007). Ischaemia on FA was significantly associated with non-perfusion on wide-field OCTA in SCP and DCP (p=0.019 and p=0.027, respectively). CONCLUSION Changes in the choroid, CC and DCP are more frequently found than in the SCP on wide-field OCTA in intermediate uveitis. While wide-field OCTA is a reliable tool to detect capillary non-perfusion in intermediate uveitis, it was not helpful in determining disease activity. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER NCT02811536.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Tappeiner, Christoph; Zinkernagel, Martin and Wolf, Sebastian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1468-2079

Publisher:

BMJ Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sebastian Wolf

Date Deposited:

22 Jan 2019 09:53

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:25

Publisher DOI:

10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313078

PubMed ID:

30538102

Uncontrolled Keywords:

fluorescein angiography intermediate uveitis optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) retinal vasculitis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122545

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122545

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