Effects of progressive burial on matrix porosity and permeability of dolostones in the foreland basin of the Alpine Orogen, Switzerland

Aschwanden, Lukas; Diamond, Larryn William; Adams, Arthur (2019). Effects of progressive burial on matrix porosity and permeability of dolostones in the foreland basin of the Alpine Orogen, Switzerland. Marine and petroleum geology, 100, pp. 148-164. Elsevier 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.10.055

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The changes in rock-matrix porosity and permeability that carbonate reservoirs undergo with increasing burial depth are poorly understood. This lack of understanding raises the risks involved in exploring and engineering deep reservoirs for geo-energy applications. To provide more insight into compaction processes, the present study examines the e ects of progressive burial on two dolomitized mudstone units belonging to the Middle Triassic Muschelkalk within the Swiss Molasse Basin, situated in the foreland of the Alpine Orogen. Based on investigations of wireline logs and drill cores retrieved from up to 5000 m depth, we report the burial mod- i cation of crystal textures, pore sizes, pore geometries and their impact on matrix porosity and permeability. Within the rst 1500 m below surface, porosity is found to drop from 40 ± 2 to 18 ± 1 vol% and permeability drops from 105 ± 15 to ∼1 mD. At depths > 3000 m, porosity and permeability maintain nearly constant values of 6 ± 2 vol% and < 0.01 mD, respectively. These trends are due to the cumulative e ects of a series of partly concurrent processes: at depths < 1200–1900 m, mechanical rotation and fracturing of the euhedral dolomite crystals promotes closer packing and constitutes the dominant porosity-reducing mechanism; at depths > 1900 m, mechanical compaction is inactive and pressure solution at crystal contacts and along stylolites (both di- agenetic and tectonic), without any associated cementation, accounts for porosity loss. At depths > 3000 m, collapse of pores by pressure solution is compounded by pore-clogging by hydrothermal dolomite introduced by external uids. Throughout the entire depth range, stylolitization incrementally thins the formations, however, the dissolved material is not locally reprecipitated.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Diamond, Larryn William and Adams, Arthur

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0264-8172

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Larryn William Diamond

Date Deposited:

23 Jan 2019 16:19

Last Modified:

23 Jan 2019 16:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.10.055

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122600

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122600

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