High prevalence of binge drinking among people living with HIV in four African countries.

Nouaman, Marcellin N; Vinikoor, Michael; Seydi, Moussa; Ekouevi, Didier K; Coffie, Patrick A; Mulenga, Lloyd; Tanon, Aristophane; Egger, Matthias; Dabis, François; Jaquet, Antoine; Wandeler, Gilles (2018). High prevalence of binge drinking among people living with HIV in four African countries. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 21(12), e25202. BioMed Central 10.1002/jia2.25202

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INTRODUCTION Excessive alcohol consumption leads to unfavourable outcomes in people living with HIV (PLHIV), including reduced adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and engagement into care. However, there is limited information on alcohol consumption patterns among PLHIV in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS Using a cross-sectional approach, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) was administered to PLHIV attending HIV clinics in Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Senegal and Zambia (2013 to 2015). Hazardous drinking was defined as an AUDIT-C score ≥4 for men or ≥3 for women, and binge drinking as ≥6 drinks at least once per month. The prevalence of binge drinking was compared to estimates from the general population using data from the World Health Organization. Factors associated with binge drinking among persons declaring any alcohol use in the past year were assessed using a logistic regression model to estimate odds ratio (OR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS Among 1824 PLHIV (median age 39 years, 62.8% female), the prevalence of hazardous alcohol use ranged from 0.9% in Senegal to 38.4% in Zambia. The prevalence of binge drinking ranged from 14.3% among drinkers in Senegal to 81.8% in Zambia, with higher estimates among PLHIV than in the general population. Male sex (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.6 to 3.7), tobacco use (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.0 to 2.9) and living in Zambia were associated with binge drinking. CONCLUSIONS Alcohol consumption patterns varied widely across settings and binge drinking was more frequent in HIV-positive individuals compared to the general population. Interventions to reduce excessive alcohol use are urgently needed to optimize adherence in the era of universal ART.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Egger, Matthias and Wandeler, Gilles

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1758-2652

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annelies Luginbühl

Date Deposited:

17 Jan 2019 13:22

Last Modified:

05 Feb 2019 11:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/jia2.25202

PubMed ID:

30549445

Additional Information:

Jaquet and Wandeler contributed equally to this work

Uncontrolled Keywords:

HIV alcohol antiretroviral therapy binge drinking sub-Saharan Africa viral hepatitis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122738

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122738

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