A Comparison of Self-Reported Emotional Regulation Skills in Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder.

Cavelti, Marialuisa; Corbisiero, Salvatore; Bitto, Hannes; Moerstedt, Beatrice; Newark, Patricia; Faschina, Sylvia; Chanen, Andrew; Moggi, Franz; Stieglitz, Rolf-Dieter (2019). A Comparison of Self-Reported Emotional Regulation Skills in Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of attention disorders, 23(12), pp. 1396-1406. Sage 10.1177/1087054717698814

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OBJECTIVE Emotion dysregulation has been described as a central feature of both borderline personality disorder (BPD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study aims to compare emotion regulation among ADHD, BPD, and healthy controls (HC). METHOD Eighty adults with ADHD, 55 with BPD, and 55 HC completed self-report assessments of ADHD and BPD symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and emotion regulation skills. Principal components analysis (PCA) was conducted on the emotion regulation items, followed by multivariate analyses of group differences in emotion regulation. RESULTS PCA yielded four components: "Being Aware of Emotions," "Making Sense of Emotions," "Modifying and Accepting Emotions," and "Confronting Emotions With Self-Encouragement." The last component best distinguished the two patient groups from the HC. No differences were found between adults with ADHD and BPD. CONCLUSION Adults with ADHD and BPD report comparable difficulties in encouraging oneself to attend inner aversive experiences, without engaging in impulsive behavior.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Cavelti, Marialuisa and Moggi, Franz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1087-0547

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marialuisa Cavelti

Date Deposited:

02 Jul 2019 09:34

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 20:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/1087054717698814

PubMed ID:

28367706

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ADHD borderline personality disorder emotional dysregulation experiential avoidance psychiatry

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122816

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122816

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