Convergent Evolution at the Pathway Level: Predictable Regulatory Changes during Flower Color Transitions

Larter, Maximilian; Dunbar-Wallis, Amy; Berardi, Andrea E.; Smith, Stacey D; Purugganan, Michael (2018). Convergent Evolution at the Pathway Level: Predictable Regulatory Changes during Flower Color Transitions. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 35(9), pp. 2159-2169. Oxford University Press 10.1093/molbev/msy117

[img] Text
2018_MolBiolEvol_35_2159.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (733kB) | Request a copy

The predictability of evolution, or whether lineages repeatedly follow the same evolutionary trajectories during phenotypic convergence remains an open question of evolutionary biology. In this study, we investigate evolutionary convergence at the biochemical pathway level and test the predictability of evolution using floral anthocyanin pigmentation, a trait with a well-understood genetic and regulatory basis. We reconstructed the evolution of floral anthocyanin content across 28 species of the Andean Glade lochrominae (Solanaceae) and investigated how shifts in pigmentation are related to changes in expression of seven key anthocyanin pathway genes. We used phylogenetic multivariate analysis of gene expression to test for phenotypic and developmental convergence at a macroevolutionary scale. Our results show that the four independent losses of the ancestral pigment delphinidin involved convergent losses of expression of the three late pathway genes (F3'S'h, Dfr, and Ans). Transitions between pigment types affecting floral hue (e.g., blue to red) involve changes to the expression of branching genes F3'h and F3'S'h, while the expression levels of early steps of the pathway are strongly conserved in all species. These patterns support the idea that the macroevolution of floral pigmentation follows predictable evolutionary trajectories to reach convergent phenotype space, repeatedly involving regulatory changes. This is likely driven by constraints at the pathway level, such as pleiotropy and regulatory structure.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Berardi, Andrea Elise

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0737-4038

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

30 Jan 2019 11:09

Last Modified:

30 Jan 2019 11:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/molbev/msy117

PubMed ID:

29878153

Uncontrolled Keywords:

anthocyanin pathway; gene expression; floral pigment evolution

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122852

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122852

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback