Impact of simulated reduced alveolar bone support, increased tooth mobility, and distal post-supported, root-treated abutment tooth on load capability of all-ceramic zirconia-supported cantilever FDP

Naumann, M; von Stein-Lausnitz, M; Rosentritt, M; Walter, C; Meyer-Lückel, Hendrik; Sterzenbach, G (2018). Impact of simulated reduced alveolar bone support, increased tooth mobility, and distal post-supported, root-treated abutment tooth on load capability of all-ceramic zirconia-supported cantilever FDP. Clinical oral investigations, 22(8), pp. 2799-2807. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-018-2366-5

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this in vitro study was an analysis of the impact of simulated reduced alveolar bone support and post-restored, endodontically treated distal abutment tooth on load capability of all-ceramic zirconia-based cantilever-fixed dental prosthesis (CFDP). MATERIAL AND METHODS The roots of human lower sound premolars (n = 80) were divided into five experimental groups to be restored with all-ceramic zirconia-supported three-unit CFDP regarding bone loss (BL) relative to the cement-enamel junction (CEJ): 2 mm below CEJ = 0% BL (control group), group 25% distal BL, group 50% distal BL, group 50% mesial and distal BL, and group 50% distal BL and adhesive post-supported restoration. Specimens were exposed to simulated clinical function by thermo-mechanical loading (6.000 cycles 5°-55°; 1.2 × 10 cycles 0-50 N) and subsequent linear loading until failure. RESULTS Tooth mobility increased significantly for groups with simulated bone loss (p < 0.001). Four specimens failed during thermal cycling and mechanical loading (TCML). The maximum load capability ranged from 350 to 569 N, and did not differ significantly between experimental groups (p = 0.095). Groups with simulated bone loss revealed more tooth fractures at distal abutment teeth, whereas technical failures were more frequent in the control group (p = 0.024). CONCLUSIONS Differences of alveolar bone support and respectively increased tooth mobility between mesial and distal abutments did not influence load capability. A distal adhesively post-and-core-supported, root-treated abutment tooth did not increase risk of three-unit CFDP failure. CLINICAL RELEVANCE CFDPs are a treatment option used with caution when reduced alveolar bone support, increased tooth mobility, and distal post-supported, root-treated abutment teeth are involved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Meyer-Lückel, Hendrik

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hendrik Meyer-Lückel

Date Deposited:

21 Feb 2019 15:42

Last Modified:

21 Feb 2019 15:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-018-2366-5

PubMed ID:

29404813

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bone loss Fixed dental prosthesis Fracture resistance Load simulation Post-and-core

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.122880

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/122880

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