CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells expressing FoxP3 in Icelandic horses affected with insect bite hypersensitivity

Hamza, Eman; Steinbach, Falko; Marti, Eliane (2012). CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells expressing FoxP3 in Icelandic horses affected with insect bite hypersensitivity. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology, 148(1-2), pp. 139-144. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.05.033

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Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is an IgE-mediated dermatitis caused by bites of midges from the genus Culicoides. We have shown previously that peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from IBH-affected horses produce higher levels of IL-4 and lower levels of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 than those from healthy horses, suggesting that IBH is associated with a reduced regulatory immune response. FoxP3 is a crucial marker of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Here we have determined the proportion of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T cells by flow cytometry in PBMC directly after isolation or after stimulation with Culicoides extract or a control antigen (Tetanus Toxoid). There were no differences between healthy and IBH horses either in the proportion of FoxP3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) cells in freshly isolated PBMC or in the following stimulation with Tetanus Toxoid. However, upon stimulation of PBMC with the allergen, expression of FoxP3 by CD4(+)CD25(+high) and CD4(+)CD25(+dim) cells was significantly higher in healthy than in IBH horses. Addition of recombinant IL-4 to PBMC from healthy horses stimulated with the allergen significantly decreased the proportion of FoxP3 expressing cells within CD4(+)CD25(+high). These results suggest that IBH is associated with a decreased number of allergen-induced Tregs. This could be a consequence of the increased IL-4 production by PBMC of IBH-affected horses.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research

UniBE Contributor:

Hamza, Eman and Marti, Eliane Isabelle

ISSN:

0165-2427

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:32

Last Modified:

30 Apr 2014 08:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.05.033

Web of Science ID:

000307620700020

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/12304 (FactScience: 218624)

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