Modulation of Bladder Wall Micromotions Alters Intravesical Pressure Activity in the Isolated Bladder

Chakrabarty, Basu; Bijos, Dominika; Vahabi, Bahareh; Clavica, Francesco; Kanai, Anthony; Pickering, Anthony; Fry, Christopher; Drake, Marcus (2019). Modulation of Bladder Wall Micromotions Alters Intravesical Pressure Activity in the Isolated Bladder (In Press). Frontiers in physiology, 9(1937) Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fphys.2018.01937

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Micromotions are phasic contractions of the bladder wall. During urine storage, such phasic activity has little effect on intravesical pressure, however changed motile activity may underlie urodynamic observations such as detrusor overactivity. The potential for bladder motility to affect pressure reflects a summation of the overall movements, comprising the initiation, propagation, and dissipation components of micromotions. In this study, the influence of initiation of micromotions was investigated using calcium activated chloride channel blocker niflumic acid, and the effect of propagation using blockers of gap junctions. The overall bladder tone was modulated using isoprenaline. Isolated tissue strips and whole bladder preparations from juvenile rats were used. 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid was used to block gap junctions, reducing the amplitude and frequency of micromotions in in vitro and ex vivo preparations. Niflumic acid reduced the frequency of micromotions but had no effect on the amplitude of pressure fluctuations. Isoprenaline resulted in a reduction in pressure fluctuations and a decrease in pressure baseline. Using visual video data analysis, bladder movement was visible, irrespective of lack of pressure changes, which persisted during bladder relaxation. However, micromotions propagated over shorter distances and the overall bladder tone was reduced. All these results suggest that phasic activity of the bladder can be characterised by a combination of initiation and propagation of movement, and overall bladder tone. At any given moment, intravesical pressure recordings are an integration of these parameters. This synthesis gives insight into the limitations of clinical urodynamics, where intravesical pressure is the key indicator of detrusor activity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Cardiovascular Engineering (CVE)

UniBE Contributor:

Clavica, Francesco

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 620 Engineering

ISSN:

1664-042X

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Francesco Clavica

Date Deposited:

17 Jan 2019 16:58

Last Modified:

10 Nov 2019 00:41

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fphys.2018.01937

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.123133

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/123133

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