Individual synthetic head models in wound ballistics - A feasibility study based on real cases.

Riva, Fabiano; Lombardo, Paolo; Zech, Wolf-Dieter; Jackowski, Christian; Schyma, Christian (2019). Individual synthetic head models in wound ballistics - A feasibility study based on real cases. Forensic science international, 294, pp. 150-159. Elsevier Scientific Publ. Ireland 10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.11.020

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0379073818310417-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (2MB) | Request a copy

Synthetic models, also called "surrogates", are commonly used in wound ballistics in order to simulate human tissues. Despite several surrogates are worldwide accepted and used; some of them have not been yet fully validated and their limits for forensic reconstructions have not been deeply investigated yet. In this work we present a homicide/suicide case involving three gunshots to the head with bullets retained in the skull or beneath the scalp. Reconstruction of these cases was performed preparing three individual synthetic head models based on post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) measurements. Ballistic soap, polyurethane plates and 10% ballistic gelatine at 4°C were used as simulants in individually adapted thickness. Ballistic tests were performed using the questioned firearm and ammunition type. The damages on the synthetic models have been compared to the findings in PMCT and autopsy of the victims. Although the results highlighted general similarities in terms of injury characteristics, some of the experimental shots overpenetrated. Furthermore, the bullets recovered in the synthetic models did not show the same quality of deformations as the questioned bullets. This lack of bullet deformation in the synthetic models might be mainly attributed to the physical difference between real bones and polyurethane surrogate.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Management
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Physics (Ballistics)

UniBE Contributor:

Riva, Fabiano; Lombardo, Paolo; Zech, Wolf-Dieter; Jackowski, Christian and Schyma, Christian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0379-0738

Publisher:

Elsevier Scientific Publ. Ireland

Language:

English

Submitter:

Antoinette Angehrn

Date Deposited:

29 Jan 2019 16:20

Last Modified:

05 Nov 2019 10:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.11.020

PubMed ID:

30529039

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bullet deformation Firearms Forensic sciences Head injuries Synthetic models Wound ballistics

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.123324

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/123324

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback