Targeted heat activation of HSP promoters in the skin of mammalian animals and humans.

Voellmy, Richard; Zürcher, Olivier; Zürcher, Manon; de Viragh, Pierre A.; Hall, Alexis K; Roberts, Stephen M (2018). Targeted heat activation of HSP promoters in the skin of mammalian animals and humans. Cell stress & chaperones, 23(4), pp. 455-466. Springer 10.1007/s12192-018-0875-4

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The use of highly inducible HSP promoters for exerting spatial and/or temporal control over the expression of therapeutic transgenes has long been discussed. Localized and time-limited induction of the heat shock response may potentially also be of medical interest. However, such applications would require targeted delivery of heat doses capable of activating HSP promoters in tissues or organs of interest. Accessible areas, including the skin and tissues immediately underneath it, may be most readily targeted. A few applications for heat-directed or heat-controlled therapy in the skin might involve expression of proteins to restore or protect normal skin function, protein antigens for vaccination/immunotherapy, vaccine viruses or even systemically active proteins, e.g., cytokines and chemokines. A review of the literature relating to localized heat activation of HSP promoters and HSP genes in the skin revealed that a multitude of different technologies has been explored in small animal models. In contrast, we uncovered few publications that examine HSP promoter activation in human skin. None of these publications has a therapeutic focus. We present herein two, clinically relevant, developments of heating technologies that effectively activate HSP promoters in targeted regions of human skin. The first development advances a system that is capable of reliably activating HSP promoters in human scalp, in particular in hair follicles. The second development outlines a simple, robust, and inexpensive methodology for locally activating HSP promoters in small, defined skin areas.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology

UniBE Contributor:

de Viragh, Pierre A.

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1466-1268

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sandra Nyffenegger

Date Deposited:

12 Feb 2019 14:39

Last Modified:

12 Feb 2019 14:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s12192-018-0875-4

PubMed ID:

29417383

Uncontrolled Keywords:

HSP genes HSP promoters Human Mammals Skin Targeted heating

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.123402

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/123402

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